Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence theory is a very useful model for developing a systematic approach to nurturing and teaching children and honouring their individual needs and strengths within a classroom setting. The theory of Multiple Intelligences includes the notion that each person is smart in all seven types of intelligence. Every person is smart to varying degrees of expertise in each of the intelligences, stronger in some ways and less developed in others. Heredity and genetics influence the way the brain is neurologically “wired” before birth and are contributing factors that determine the strongest and/or most favored types of intelligence. This is often seen in children with very strong and overt talents demonstrated at very young ages, such as Mozart, who had started to play and compose music by age five.

Our child centric curriculum is based on the Theory of Multiple Intelligences. The following descriptions can be helpful to identify basic personal characteristics, traits, behaviours, and preferences for each of the seven intelligences. It gives us an understanding how children learn in different ways and diverse paces. The important thing is to identify and build on one’s strengths to modify and increase the less developed intelligences in ourselves and in children.


The Athlete/Dancer/Actor/Surgeon

Children with high kinaesthetic intelligence process information through their bodies-through muscle, sensation, and movement. Their bodies are their avenue to learning and understanding any content or subject. It is also their preferred form of self-expression. Additional characteristics include the following:
A fine-tuned ability to use the body and handle objects (fine and gross motor)
Ability to express emotions through bodily movement
Enjoys physical movement and dance
Constant movement-likes to get up and move around
Commitment to comfort
Uses body to accomplish a task
Experiences a strong mind/body connection
Expands awareness through the body
Experiences a total physical response
Often good at creative drama

The Entertainer/Musician

Children with high musical intelligence learn best through sound, rhythm, and music. These people learn better when music is playing and through musical metaphors. Additional characteristics include the following:
Ability to perceive pitch, tone, and rhythmic pattern
Well developed auditory sense and discrimination
Ability to create, organize rhythmically, and compose music
Picks up and creates melodies/rhythm easily
Remembers songs easily
Ability to sing or play instruments
Sensitive and drawn to sounds
Possesses "schemas" for hearing music
Constantly humming, tapping, and singing